1. Health

Glossary

Anytime you are exposed to new information you are bound to come across terms that you are not familiar with. That's part of the learning process. Broaden your knowledge and your vocabulary with this extensive list of commonly used diabetes-related terms.

Sensor-augmented Pump (SAP)
A sensor-augmented pump (SAP) combines the technology of an insulin pump with a continuous glucose sensor that transmits glucose readings to the person wearing the device. It is a great advance toward an artificial pancreas.

Postprandial
Postprandial is a term that is important to understand because it relates to how your blood sugar fluctuates after a meal.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is an older term that describes what we now simply call diabetes. The word has an interesting history that helps us understand the three main types of diabetes that are currently affecting a large number of people.

What Is a Cerfified Diabetes Educator?
A Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) is a trained health care professional who teaches people with diabetes how to manage their condition. They provide one-on-one and/or classroom training in blood glucose monitoring, meal planning, exercise and lifestyle changes to help those with diabetes work toward effective self-management

What is Glucagon?
Glucagon is a hormone that is naturally made in the pancreas and works to raise blood sugar. Learn why it is important and how it can be used in an emergency.

Fructose
Fructose is a type of naturally occurring sugar found in many fruits , vegetables and honey. Fructose is nearly twice as sweet as sucrose (table sugar) and can give a similar rise in blood sugar as sucrose. Those with diabetes should learn how it raises blood sugar and the way it is used in common foods.

What is prediabetes?
Prediabetes describes the middle ground between having normal blood glucose (sugar)levels and officially being diagnosed with diabetes.

What is the Stress Response?
The stress response is the body's way of coping with physical, mental and emotional strain. If turned on for long periods it can raise blood sugar levels and increases the risk of many health problems.

Basal and Bolus Insulin
Both basal and bolus insulin are needed to balance the glucose in the body. But each has a different role and must be carefully planned in order to give the proper insulin coverage that your body needs.

What are Hormones?
Hormones are chemicals that carry messages from organs to cells in your body. Insulin is a hormone that has great importance for those with diabetes.

Glomerular Filtration Rate
The glomerular filtration rate is a test to determine how well your kidneys are functioning. This test is especially important for people with diabetes because kidney disease is one of the most common complications that occurs with long-term diabetes.

What is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance is a condition where your body is unable to effectively use the insulin that it makes. If insulin resistance continues, it can lead to a number of health problems, including diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

Intensive Insulin Therapy
Intensive insulin therapy takes a more aggressive approach to managing blood glucose levels than conventional insulin therapy. Find out if it is right for you.

The Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Study (EDIC)
Picking up where the DCCT left off, the EDIC study is examining whether intensive glucose control reduces the risk of particular complications.

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT)
The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) was a landmark clinical study designed to explore whether intensive glucose control could delay or possibly even prevent diabetes-related complications. Find out the results.

Insulin
Insulin is a hormone necessary for life, which people with type 1 diabetes must obtain through daily injections or an insulin pump. Learn more...

Dawn Phenomenon
A sudden rise in your blood sugar level between the time you go to bed and the time you get up may be due to what's known as the dawn phenomenon.

Hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is common among people with type 1 diabetes. Learn about it's causes and symptoms.

Hypoglycemia
When your blood sugar drops to a dangerous level it is referred to as hypoglycemia. Every person with type 1 should know the symptoms and how to treat them.

Somogyi Effect
When confounding high blood glucose readings occur in the morning, a possible culprit is the Somogyi effect.

Endocrinologist
An endocrinologist is a medical doctor that specializes in diagnosing and treating diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, this is one of the people you need on your healthcare team.

Insulin Pump
An insulin pump is an alternative to using the traditional syringe to get insulin. The technology continues to advance making the insulin pump a suitable choice for enhanced glucose management for many but not all.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when your body does not have enough insulin to process the glucose (sugar) that you take in from the food you eat. As a result, a toxic, and possibly life-threatening state develops.

Beta cells
Beta cells are located in the pancreas and designed to produce insulin.

Glucose
Glucose

Ketones
Ketones are the by-product of using body fat for energy instead of glucose from the foods eaten.

Neuropathy
Neuropathy is a general term used to describe damage to the nervous system or individual nerves.

Retinopathy
Retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels in the retina, which lines the back of the eye, are damaged.

Cannula
A cannula is used to deliver insulin to the body through a flexible tube connected to an insulin pump.

What is the Pancreas?
Your pancreas is a very important but often under-appreciated organ. The pancreas and the role it plays in diabetes are particularly important to understand.

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